GEOG 101 The Natural Environment (3) Introduction to physical geography including weather, climate, vegetation, soils, geology, and landforms. Environmental issues and natural hazards. DP
GEOG 101L The Natural Environment Lab (1) A survey of field and laboratory methods commonly used by physical geographers. Pre: 101 (or concurrent). DY
GEOG 102 World Regional Geography (3) World’s major cultural regions; geographic aspects of contemporary economic, social, political conditions. FGB
GEOG 104 Introduction to Geotechnology (3) Cartographic representation and meaning in a digital age. Earth models, map projections, coordinate systems, scale, distance, and direction. Data types and transformations in graphic and digital representation. Manual, automated, and web-based map making and analysis.
GEOG 151 Geography and Contemporary Society (3) Elements of economic geography and resource management, population and urban geography; application to current problems of developed and underdeveloped worlds. FGC
GEOG 300 Introduction to Climatology (3) Elements and controls of climate. World patterns of insolation, temperature, evaporation, precipitation, atmospheric circulation. Climatic classifications. Pre: 101 or MET 101 or MET 200, or consent. DP
GEOG 301 Atmospheric Pollution (3) Interdisciplinary approach: chemical, meteorological, health, economic, technological, control, and legal aspects; public awareness. Pre: 101, CHEM 151, or MET 101. DP
GEOG 302 Environmental Geography (3) Use and abuse of natural resources and humanity’s progress toward developing a sustainable relationship with its supporting environment. A-F only. Pre: 101 or consent. (Once a year)
GEOG 303 General Geomorphology (3) Introduction to geomorphological concepts, process mechanics, and relationships between forms and processes. Emphasis on various subdisciplines of geomorphology: coastal hillslopes, fluvial, aeolean, and glacial. Pre: 101 and 101L, or GG 101 and GG 101L. DP
GEOG 305 Water and Society (3) Interaction of people with water at household, community, regional, national, and international scales, from cultural, political, economic, and biophysical perspectives. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 309 Introduction to Biogeography (3) Introduction to ecosystem concept; environmental adaptations for energy and nutrient transfer; characteristics, dynamics, productivity, and distribution of principal vegetation communities. Human dominance. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. DB
GEOG 324 Geography of Global Tourism (3) Tourist landscape in relation to resources, spatial patterns of supply and demand, impacts of tourism development, and models of tourist space. Flows between major world regions. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as TIM 324) DS
GEOG 325 World Resources and Economic Development (3) The pattern of world economic development. Agricultural resources and industries. Mineral resources, energy and metal industries. Manufacturing industries in development. The network of world trade, regional associations, and international economic aid. DS
GEOG 330 Culture and Environment (3) Introduction to cultural geography, the cultural landscape, and built environment. Pre: 102 or 151, or consent. DS
GEOG 335 Politics, Nations, and States (3) Examines the political organization of space in the sovereign state system. Contemporary and historical analyses of boundaries, geopolitics, homelands, nations, nationalism, and territory. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 340 Geography of North America (3) Overview of the physical and cultural geography. Regions and characters. Patterns of population, natural resources, industry, agriculture, and transportation/communication networks. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151, or consent. DS
GEOG 352 Geography of Japan (3) Regional synthesis of physical and cultural features; economic, social, political geography; origins and development of cities. DS
GEOG 353 Geography of China (3) Topics: environmental parameters and resource base, ecological control and resource management, institutional and technological transformation of agriculture, industrial potential and industrial location, settlement patterns and rural urban symbiosis. DS
GEOG 355 Geography of South Asia (3) Introduction to physical and human geography of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Himalayan kingdoms. Environmental, economic, social, cultural, and political factors in development. DS
GEOG 356 Geography of Southeast Asia (3) Southeast Asia in world economy. Human and physical resources; returns achieved by various methods of land use. National economies; problems and prospects of modernization. DS
GEOG 365 Geography of the Pacific (3) Physical character of the Pacific; cultural, political, economic geography of Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia (except Hawai‘i). DS
GEOG 366 Geography of Honolulu (3) Development of Honolulu and O‘ahu from 1778. Evolution of function, land use, and social patterns. Contemporary planning and environmental issues arising from urban growth. DS
GEOG 368 Geography of Hawai‘i (3) Regional, physical, cultural geography. Detailed study of people and resources. DS
GEOG 370 Aerial Photo and Image Interpretation (3) (2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to the measurement, interpretation, analysis, and use of aerial photographs and digital imagery. Pre: 104, or consent.
GEOG 376 Map Design and Production (3) (3 2-hr Lab) Compilation, design and production of maps for presentations, research, and illustration using artists and mapping software. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.
GEOG 380 Statistical Methods in Geography (3) Quantitative statistical methods will be explored for describing and interpreting geographic/environmental phenomena. Topics will include data display, measurement, sampling, spatial statistics, dimensional analysis, nonparametric and parametric models. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151 (or concurrent) or consent.
GEOG 385 Research Methods in Human Geography (3) Introduction to the methodologies and practice of research in human geography. Combines lectures, workshops, and assignments. Students will conduct and report upon their own research. Pre: 151. DS
GEOG 387 GIS Data Visualization (3) Display techniques for statistical and terrain data. Cartographic communication models, data models, algorithms and symbol conventions. Techniques for assessing map design. Pre: 380 or SOCS 225 or ECON 321, or consent. DS
GEOG 388 Introduction to GIS (3) Design, implementation, and use. Database construction and documentation. Techniques for spatial data manipulation and display. Evaluation of existing systems. Student research projects. Pre: 104 or consent.
GEOG 399 Directed Reading (V) Limited to senior majors with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 or a minimum GPA of 3.0 in geography.
GEOG 400 Vegetation and the Climate System (3) Role of vegetation in the climate system; links to hydrology and biogeochemical cycling; vegetation and climate history; evolution of terrestrial ecosystems; effects of global warming. Pre: 101 or 300 or 401 or 402 or 405 or MET 101 or MET 200 or MET 302 or MET 303 or MET 310, or consent. DP
GEOG 401 Climate Change (3) Approaches to the study of past and future climate change. Pre: 101 or 300 or 401 or 402 or 405 or MET 101 or MET 200 or MET 302 or MET 303 or MET 310, or consent. DP
GEOG 402 Agricultural Climatology (3) Analyzing climatic data; relation to photosynthesis, phenological development, and crop yields. Crop-weather models as guides to improved land-use planning and agronomic practices. Pre: 101 or 300 or 400 or 401 or 405 or MET 101 or MET 200 or MET 302 or MET 303 or MET 310, or consent. DP
GEOG 403 Fluvial Geomorphology (3) Introduction to the single most important geomorphic agent shaping the terrestrial environment. Focus on fluvial process, fluvial dynamics, fluvial landforms, and sediment transport. Pre: 101/101L or 303 or GG 101/101L. DP
GEOG 405 Water in the Environment (3) Water fluxes in the environment. Occurrence and movement of water; methods of quantification. Water balance of soil-plant system: precipitation, interception, infiltration, runoff, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and groundwater recharge. Pre: 101 or 300 or 400 or 401 or 402 or MET 101 or MET 200 or MET 302 or MET 303 or MET 310, or consent. DP
GEOG 408 Conservation and Evolutionary Biogeography (3) Theories and techniques for the analysis of spatial microevolutionary patterns, taught from an interdisciplinary perspective. Examples and readings emphasize Hawai'i and the Pacific region. Pre: either 309, BIOL 265 or ZOOL 485, or consent. (Alt. years)
GEOG 409 Cultural Biogeography (3) Coevolution of human societies and plants over the last 10,000 years. Foraging, farming and urban societies economies; spread and modification of selected plants; issues of preservation of genetic resources and traditional plant knowledge. The form and function of gardens. A-F only. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as TPSS 409) DS
GEOG 410 Human Role in Environmental Change (3) Human impacts through time on vegetation, animals, landforms, soils, climate, and atmosphere. Special reference to Asian/Pacific region. Implications of long-term environmental change for human habitability. Pre: one of 101, BIOL 101, BIOL 123 and either 326 or BIOL 310; or consent. (Cross-listed as BIOL 410) DB
GEOG 411 Paleoenvironmental Change (3) Past, present, and potential future effects of global environmental change upon humanity; anthropogenic causes and catalysts; past, current, and potential human responses and policy options. Pre: 101 or consent. DS
GEOG 412 Environmental Impact Assessment (3) Introduction to analytical methods for identifying, measuring, and quantifying the impacts of changes or interventions in resource, human-environment, and other geographic systems. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years)
GEOG 413 Resource Management (3) (2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Hands-on development of analytical models for application to problems of water resource, coastal fisheries, agroforestry, and/or land management. Focus on problems facing Hawai'i and the Pacific. Pre: junior standing or higher. DS
GEOG 414 Building Community Resilience (3) Intended to give you a good understanding of the natural forces behind the most common natural disasters, and the human actions that reduce or increase vulnerability to natural disasters. A-F only. Junior standing or higher. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as PLAN 414)
GEOG 421 Urban Geography (3) Origins, functions, and internal structure of cities. Problems of urban settlement, growth, decay, adaptation, and planning in different cultural and historical settings. Dynamics of urban land use and role of policies and perceptions in shaping towns and cities. Pre: 102 or 151 or 328, or consent. DS
GEOG 422 Agriculture, Food and Society (3) Examines historical and contemporary development of the global agro-food systems. The impacts of technological, political and economic changes to food security, environment and development. Open to nonmajors. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 423 Human Dimensions of the Coastal Ocean (3) The coastal ocean as an ecosystem of global significance where human influences concentrate. Application of science and social values to environmental problems of oceans. Open to nonmajors and graduate students. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Once a year)
GEOG 424 Regional Analysis (3) Spatial dynamics and environmental implications of urban and rural development. Concepts of regions, process of regional development, patterns of spatial interaction, and theoretical bases for development strategies; emphasis on Hawai'i. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 425 The Geography of Film (3) Landscapes of film. How movies work by conveying a sense of space and a sense of place. Genres and landscapes. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DH
GEOG 426 Environment, Resources and Society (3) Human interaction with the environment. How market, property institution, and technological change affect the environment. Epistemological basis of environmental policies. Debates on controversial environmental issues. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 435 Political Geography of Oceans (3) The oceans' evolution and relation to problems of economic development, resources, seapower, shipping, trade. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 436 Geography of Peace and War (3) Geographical factors underlying conflict in the world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 453 Geography of China’s Modernization (3) Applies geographic principles and approaches to explore the rapid transformation of the spatial structure of recent socio-economic development in China. Special emphasis given to resource management and environmental quality, which are important factors in sustainable development. Designed to explore China’s role in the world economy of the 21st century and to meet the needs of students majoring in business administration, international trade, economics, political science and Asian studies. Pre: 102 or consent. DS
GEOG 468 (Alpha) Topics in Geography (3) Selected topics in geography not offered in the regular geography curriculum. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151, or consent.
GEOG 470 Remote Sensing (3) (2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to the principles of remote sensing and image processing skills. Topics include electromagnetic spectrum, sensors, aerial photo and satellite imagery interpretation, geometric and radiometric correction, digital image processing. Research project, lab. Pre: 370 or consent.
GEOG 472 Field Mapping (3) Techniques for field measurement and recording of cultural and physical data. Field sketching, Brunton surveying, plane table mapping, oblique photo compilation, topographic mapping, and representation of field data. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. DS
GEOG 476 Advanced Cartography (3) (3 2-hr Lab) Special topics: computer mapping, relief representation, map reproduction methods, use of color, analytic map interpretation, experimental cartography. Pre: consent.
GEOG 490 Senior Thesis (3) Preparation of research paper under individual faculty supervision. Recommended for admission to graduate program. Pre: 390.
GEOG 492 Practicum in Geography (V) Internship in applied geography under professional and faculty supervision. Field placement integrated with academic study. Repeatable up to six credit hours maximum. Pre: senior major and consent.
GEOG 493 Capstone Undergraduate Seminar (3) Concepts and methods in geographic analysis. Application to local problems through short field trips. Research on topics of special interest. Pre: senior GEOG major.